Parascandolo, Alessia (2016) Role of Sonic Hedgehog signaling in thyroid tumorigenesis and tumor-stroma interaction. [Tesi di dottorato]

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Tipologia del documento: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Titolo: Role of Sonic Hedgehog signaling in thyroid tumorigenesis and tumor-stroma interaction
Autori:
AutoreEmail
Parascandolo, Alessiaal.parascandolo@libero.it
Data: 31 Marzo 2016
Numero di pagine: 71
Istituzione: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Dipartimento: Medicina Molecolare e Biotecnologie Mediche
Scuola di dottorato: Medicina molecolare
Dottorato: Oncologia ed endocrinologia molecolare
Ciclo di dottorato: 28
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
Santoro, Massimomasantor@unina.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
Santoro, Massimo[non definito]
Data: 31 Marzo 2016
Numero di pagine: 71
Parole chiave: Thyroid cancer, Sonic Hedgehog pathway, tumor-stroma interaction
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/04 - Patologia generale
Depositato il: 11 Apr 2016 13:06
Ultima modifica: 09 Mag 2018 01:00
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/11044
DOI: 10.6093/UNINA/FEDOA/11044

Abstract

Thyroid carcinomas represent the most common endocrine cancers with their incidence increasing worldwide. Up to date there are no efficient treatments for patients affected by metastatic thyroid disease that is not responsive to radioiodine treatment. Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) pathway is active in regulating embryonic development of different organs as well as of the thyroid gland. The aberrant activation of Shh signaling has been found in several types of cancer and, according to recent evidences, it represents an important regulator of tumor- stroma interaction. In this dissertation, we have studied expression, activation and molecular mechanisms regulating the Shh pathway in thyroid cancer and its involvement in the modulation of tumor stroma interaction in anaplastic thyroid cancer cells (ATC). Our results suggest that Shh signaling is activated through different mechanisms in thyroid cancer cells: in a non-canonical way in cooperation with other oncogenic pathways to promote and support thyroid neoplastic transformation as well as in a paracrine way in tumor-stroma interaction, supporting thyroid cancer cells invasion and migration. Our data therefore suggest that Shh signaling could be a novel therapeutic target in aggressive thyroid cancers.

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