ESPOSITO, ROBERTO (2017) CHEMO-CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF VEGETABLE OILS FOR SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION OF CHEMICALS AND BIOFUELS. [Tesi di dottorato]

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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Resource language: English
Title: CHEMO-CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF VEGETABLE OILS FOR SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION OF CHEMICALS AND BIOFUELS
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
ESPOSITO, ROBERTOroberto.esposito@unina.it
Date: 30 December 2017
Number of Pages: 107
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: dep19
Dottorato: phd078
Ciclo di dottorato: 30
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
Paduano, Luigilpaduano@unina.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
Ruffo, FrancescoUNSPECIFIED
Date: 30 December 2017
Number of Pages: 107
Keywords: Green Chemistry; Biomass; Vegetable oils; Homogeneous catalysis; Coordination Chemistry.
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 03 - Scienze chimiche > CHIM/03 - Chimica generale e inorganica
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2018 10:03
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2019 12:18
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/12266

Collection description

In recent years use of biomass as a source of energy and raw materials has become a central theme in academic and industrial debate. Biomass indicates “the biodegradable fraction of products, waste and residues of synthetic origin from agriculture (including vegetal and animal substances), forestry and related industries, as well as the biodegradable fraction of industrial and municipal waste”. Two are the main modes of reuse: as it is, to produce energy, or via its chemical conversion. The related concept of biorefinery is defined by NREL as “an integrated structure for the conversion of biomass into fuels, energy and chemicals”. This PhD research project fits in this area and aims at obtaining the following classes of chemicals, starting from waste vegetable oils, as well as to design and/or optimize industrially transferable procedures: - Biofuels through esterification and transesterification of oils and free fatty acids with small chain alcohols. - Monomers for polyester synthesis, like long chain di-carboxylic acids, obtainable through oxidation of unsaturated free fatty acids. - Chemicals: base products, solvents or surfactants. Catalytic methods to obtain biofuel, mono and di-carboxylic acids and valorize the byproduct glycerol were successfully developed.

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