STEREO PIV ANALYSIS AND APPLICATION TO CYLINDER WAKE

Giordano, Rosaria (2008) STEREO PIV ANALYSIS AND APPLICATION TO CYLINDER WAKE. [Tesi di dottorato] (Inedito)

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Abstract

A theoretical analysis of the spatial resolution of the Stereo Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique has been performed. This has been done in terms of Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) and by applying the technique with and without the correction of the misalignment error between calibration and measurement planes. The results show that some wavelengths of the flow field can be significantly dephased and modulated. The theoretical analysis has been extended to investigate also the effects caused by the laser thickness and the linear dimension of the interrogation window W (i.e. the modulation associated to the Stereo PIV process). As it will be shown in detail in this work, the modulation associated to the last two parameters cannot be corrected, differently from the modulation due to the misalignment. A performance assessment has been conducted with both synthetic and real images and shows a good agreement with the theoretical analysis. The reconstruction of the three-dimensional displacement field is achieved using both methods proposed by Soloff et al. (1997) and by Willert (1997). Finally, the Stereo PIV technique has been used to analyse the vortex shedding caused by both finite and infinite cylinders immersed in a uniform flow field. The Reynolds numbers investigated are within the Shear-Layer Transition Regime, indicated by Williamson (1996) for the infinite cylinder. This regime is characterized by the formation of von Kàrmàn vortices. For the finite cylinder, a counter-rotating pair of tip vortices forms at the free end, extends into the wake and interacts in a complex manner with the von Kàrmàn vortex shedding. To detect the von Kàrmàn vortex shedding a phase averaged method has been chosen. This approach uses the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) technique and it has been evidenced that it works properly for the infinite cylinder and for some sections near the base of the finite one.

Tipologia di documento:Tesi di dottorato
Parole chiave:Stereo Particle Image Velocimetry, Cylinder wake, von Kàrmàm vortices, Vortex shedding
Settori scientifico-disciplinari MIUR:Area 09 Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-IND/06 FLUIDODINAMICA
Coordinatori della Scuola di dottorato:
Coordinatore del Corso di dottoratoe-mail (se nota)
Moccia, Antonioantonio.moccia@unina.it
Tutor della Scuola di dottorato:
Tutor del Corso di dottoratoe-mail (se nota)
Astarita, Tommasoastarita@unina.it
Carlomagno, Giovanni Mariacarmagno@unina.it
Stato del full text:Accessibile
Data:Novembre 2008
Numero di pagine:150
Istituzione:Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Dipartimento o Struttura:Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale (DIAS)
Tipo di tesi:Dottorato
Stato dell'Eprint:Inedito
Scuola di dottorato:Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione
Denominazione del dottorato:Ingegneria Aerospaziale, Navale e della Qualità
Ciclo di dottorato:XXI
Numero di sistema:3187
Depositato il:10 Novembre 2009 12:18
Ultima modifica:10 Novembre 2009 12:18

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