Quintavalle, Cristina (2010) Multifunctional roles of microRNAs in human glioblastoma. [Tesi di dottorato] (Inedito)

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Tipologia del documento: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Titolo: Multifunctional roles of microRNAs in human glioblastoma
Autori:
AutoreEmail
Quintavalle, Cristinacri_84@hotmail.it
Data: 29 Novembre 2010
Numero di pagine: 120
Istituzione: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Dipartimento: Biologia e patologia cellullare e molecolare "L. Califano"
Scuola di dottorato: Medicina molecolare
Dottorato: Patologia e fisiopatologia molecolare
Ciclo di dottorato: 23
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
Avvedimento, Vittorio Enricoavvedim@unina.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
Condorelli, Gerolamagecondor@unina.it
Data: 29 Novembre 2010
Numero di pagine: 120
Parole chiave: microRNA , glioblastoma , motilità
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/04 - Patologia generale
Depositato il: 10 Dic 2010 10:35
Ultima modifica: 17 Giu 2014 06:02
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/8068

Abstract

Glioma are among the most deadly types of cancer. In spite of the enormous improvements made in neurosurgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy the prognosis of malignant glioma has remained poor over the last decade. Such bad efficacy in the management of glioma is largely attribuitable to resistance to therapeutic drugs and to the highly invasive nature of glioma cells capable of diffusely infiltrating and widely migrating in the surrounding brain tissue, leading to restricted and incomplete surgical resection and, thus, high recurrence rates. MicroRNAs (miRNA) represent a novel class of small RNAs that function as negative regulators of gene expression, deeply involved in the pathogenesis of several types of cancer. Different evidences indicate that miRNAs might play a fundamental role in tumorigenesis, cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis. The objective of this study is the identification and the functional characterization of microRNAs and their targets involved in resistance to therapeutics drugs (TRAIL, temozolomide) and in tumorigenesis of glioma cells.

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