Galderisi, Adriana and Ceudech, Andrea (2005) Seismic behavior of urban systems. [Pubblicazione in rivista scientifica]

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Item Type: Pubblicazione in rivista scientifica
Title: Seismic behavior of urban systems
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Galderisi, Adrianagalderis@unina.it
Ceudech, Andreaceudech@unina.it
Date: 2005
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Gerencia de riesgos y seguros
Date: 2005
ISSN: 0213-4314
Volume: Anno 23
Number: N° 92
Page Range: pp. 33-47
Uncontrolled Keywords: Complex systems, Urban vulnerability, Resilience
References: Alexander C. (1967), Note sulla sintesi della forma, Il Saggiatore, Milano. Bertanlaffy von L. (1971), La teoria generale dei sistemi, Isedi, Milano. Carpenter S.R., Walker B., Anderies J.M., Abel N. (2001), “From metaphor to measurement: Resilience of what to what?”, in Ecosystems 4. Comfort L. K. (1999), Shared Risk: Complex Systems in Seismic Response, Pergamon. Di Sopra L. (1981), “Gli aspetti spazio-temporali dei disastri: approccio urbanistico”, in Cattarinussi B., Pelanda C. (eds.), Disastro e azione umana. Introduzione multidisciplinare allo studio del comportamento sociale in ambienti estremi, Franco Angeli, Milano. Folke C., Carpenter S., et al. (2002), Resilience and Sustainable Development: Building Adaptive Capacity in a World of Transformation, Scientific Background Paper on Resilience for the process of the World Summit on Sustainable Development on behalf of the Environmental Advisory Council to the Swedish Government [Online]. Available: http://www.sou.gov.se/mvb/pdf/resiliens.pdf. Fortune J., Peters G. (1995), Learning from failure, John Wiley & Sons, Great Britain. Galderisi A. (2004), Città e terremoti. Metodi e tecniche per la mitigazione del rischio sismico, Gangemi editore, Roma. A. Galderisi, A. Ceudech (2005), “Il terremoto del 23 novembre 1980 a Napoli: la ricostruzione del danno funzionale nella prima settimana post-evento”, in Lagomarsino S., Ugolini P. (eds.), Rischio sismico, territorio e centri storici, Franco Angeli, Milano. EQE International (2002), The January 17, 1995 Kobe Earthquake [Online]. Available: http://www.eqe.com/publications/kobe/kobe.htm. Gunderson L.H., Holling C.S. (eds.), Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems. Island Press, Washington, DC. Holling C.S. (1973), “Resilience and stability of ecological systems”, in Ann. Rev. of Ecol. and Syst. 4. Kajitani Y., Okada N., Tatano H., Motohisa H. (2002), “Statistical Analysis of Spatial Temporal Distributions of Human Activities after Earthquake Disaster”, in Proceedings of the Second Annual IIASA-DPRI Meeting for Integrated Disaster Risk Management [Online], Available: http://www.iiasa.ac.at/Research/RMS/dpri2002/Papers/kajitani.pdf. Maddox D. (2002), “The Great Kobe Earthquake of January 17, 1995”, in Natural Hazards [Online], Available: http://www2.msstate.edu/~dem35/aboutme/kobe.pdf. Mc Loughlin J. B. (1973), La pianificazione urbana e regionale, Marsilio, Padova. Nuti C., Vanzi I. (1999), “Criteria for evaluation of seismic risk of regional hospital system; a case study: the Abruzzo Region”, in Design And Retrofitting of Hospitals in Seismic Areas, Proceedings of the Workshop [Online]. Available: http://host.uniroma3.it/dipartimenti/dis/ricerca/Hospitals/Articoli_pdf/nv.01.eng.pdf Prigogine I. (1976), “Order through Fluctuations: self-Organization and Social System”, in Jantsch E., Waddington C. H. (eds.), Evolution and Consciousness, Addison-Wesley, London. Rippa F., Vinale F. (1983), “Effetti del terremoto del 23 novembre 1980 sul patrimonio edilizio di Napoli”, in Associazione geotecnica italiana, Proceedings of XV National Congress, Spoleto. Secchi B. (2000), Prima Lezione di Urbanistica, Laterza, Bari. Thom R. (1972), Stabilité structurelle et morphogénèse, Intereditions, Paris. Vale L. J., Campanella T. J. (2005) (eds.), The Resilient City, Oxford University Press. Wisner B., Blaikie P., Cannon T., Davis I. (2004), At Risk. Second Edition. Natural hazards, people’s vulnerability and disasters, Routledge, London. UN/ISDR (2004), Terminology: Basic terms of disaster risk reduction [Online]. Available: http://www.unisdr.org/eng/library/. U.S. Geological Survey (1996), USGC Response to an Urban Earthquake. Northridge ’94, Open-file Report 96-263, Denver.
MIUR S.S.D.: Area 08 - Ingegneria civile e Architettura > ICAR/21 - Urbanistica
Area 08 - Ingegneria civile e Architettura > ICAR/20 - Tecnica e pianificazione urbanistica
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2007
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2014 19:24
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/914

Abstract

Looking at the damages caused in different cities by earthquakes, it is possible to note that damage has many faces, changing from time to time starting from the earthquake instant. Nevertheless, most of the studies aimed at describing the damages determined by a seismic event, looking at the city as “sum” of elements (buildings and network infrastructures), have been focused on physical damages, occurring immediately after the event and on consequent loss of human lives. Very few studies, looking at the city as a whole, tried to highlight the multiple dimension of damage, focusing on all the different faces of urban damage (physical, functional, economic, social) and on the different periods of time they generally occur after the earthquake. With reference to these considerations and basing on the analysis of the earthquake phenomenology, this study aims at understanding how the city, considered as a complex system, responds to an earthquake. In detail, starting from the analogy between the behaviour of a complex system hit by an external stress and the city hit by an earthquake, the study outlines the “seismic behavior” of urban systems. The analysis of the “seismic behavior” of cities highlights the role of urban planning in the seismic risk mitigation, pointing out that the mitigation of seismic risk requires both structural interventions on the building stock and infrastructures, both actions facing the seismic problem in its “urban” dimension. Hence, the final goal of the research work is to define urban planning actions for improving the capacity of the city, interpreted as a whole, to respond to a seismic event or, in other words, to improve the “seismic behavior” of the city. With reference to this goal, the main objectives of this study can be synthesized as follows: - to set up a conceptual framework for analyzing the seismic behavior of a city; - to set up tools aimed at describing and forecasting the seismic behavior of a city.

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