Carchia, Emanuele (2014) Toxicogenomics in the analysis of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals effects on pancreatic islet Function: the bisphenol A case. [Tesi di dottorato]

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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Title: Toxicogenomics in the analysis of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals effects on pancreatic islet Function: the bisphenol A case
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Carchia, Emanueleemaca@hotmail.it
Date: 31 March 2014
Number of Pages: 97
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Medicina Veterinaria e Produzioni Animali
Scuola di dottorato: Scienze veterinarie per la produzione e la sanità
Dottorato: Organismi modello nella ricerca biomedica e veterinaria
Ciclo di dottorato: 26
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
De Girolamo, Paolodegirola@u​nina.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
Ambrosino, ConcettaUNSPECIFIED
Date: 31 March 2014
Number of Pages: 97
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bisphenol A; murine pancreatic islets; metabolic disorders
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/11 - Biologia molecolare
Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/18 - Genetica
Aree tematiche (7° programma Quadro): SALUTE e TUTELA DEL CONSUMATORE > Biotecnologie, strumenti e tecnologie generiche per la salute umana
AMBIENTE (INCLUSO CAMBIAMENTO CLIMATICO) > Proteggere i cittadini dai rischi ambientali
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2014 12:58
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2015 10:25
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/10037

Abstract

Bisphenol A (BPA) is widely used in plastic products. It is classified as an Endocrine Disrupting Chemical and has been associated to several endocrine-related disorders. The widespread exposure and the health effects are of concern. Epidemiological studies and in vivo and in vitro experiments correlate the BPA exposure to alterations of pancreatic islets, liver and adipose tissue functions. Given these data, its prevalence in the environment and the presence in serum from humans worldwide, BPA may play a role in the rapid increase of incidence of metabolic disorders. In this work we studied the effects of low doses of BPA on ex vivo primary murine pancreatic islets through a toxicogenomical approach. We found, through trascriptome analysis,that BPA is able to alter the expression of specific genes involved in mitochondrial functions, ROS detoxification and insulin exocytosis signal generation. Moreover, we demonstrated that BPA exposure impairs islets viability and promotes apoptosis in dose-dependent manner. Finally, we assessed that this apoptosis triggering is due to a BPA-dependent increase of ROS that activate the NFkB pathway. Taken together, our results suggest that exposure to low doses of BPA interferes with mitochondrial functions, which, in turn, leads to intracellular ROS increase, NFkB pathway activation and, finally, to apoptosis. Therefore, this work confirms the detrimental effects of BPA on pancreatic islet functions, shedding a new light on its mechanism of action.

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