Loffredo, Filomena (2015) Dosimetry in the Space The radiation protection of astronauts during space missions. [Tesi di dottorato]

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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Title: Dosimetry in the Space The radiation protection of astronauts during space missions
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Loffredo, Filomenafilomena.loffredo@unina.it
Date: 30 March 2015
Number of Pages: 104
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Fisica
Scuola di dottorato: Ingegneria industriale
Dottorato: Tecnologie innovative per materiali, sensori ed imaging
Ciclo di dottorato: 27
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
Cassinese, Antoniocassinese@fisica.unina.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
Pugliese, MariagabriellaUNSPECIFIED
Aurigemma, RenatoUNSPECIFIED
Date: 30 March 2015
Number of Pages: 104
Uncontrolled Keywords: Space; Dosimetry; Simulation; Geant4; Spenvis-MULASSIS
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/07 - Fisica applicata (a beni culturali, ambientali, biologia e medicina)
Aree tematiche (7° programma Quadro): SPAZIO > Attività di Ricerca e Sviluppo nelle Scienze spaziali
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2015 14:01
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2016 01:00
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/10244
DOI: 10.6092/UNINA/FEDOA/10244

Abstract

The Space Radiation represents a serious risk for astronauts during space missions. The risk related to the space radiation exposure could involve acute and/or late effects. The Solar Cosmic Radiation that consists of protons (≈98%) with a very wide spectrum in energy (up to several GeV), is the major source of exposure for the crew. In this PhD work I present the results of the validation of the electromagnetic and hadronic physical processes with the aim to contribute to the study of radiation protection for astronauts, in particular against the radiation due to the Solar Particle Events (SPE). The simulations were performed using Geant4 and MULASSIS, a module to the Spenvis software, with protons of energy characteristic of SPE, on a slab of aluminum of mass thickness of 20 g / cm2. The results obtained by the simulation were compared with PSTAR database of the NIST and experimental data measured during the experiment conducted at the NASA, Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL), Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA. Moreover after validation, other materials were tested, in particular were studied the trends of dose of these materials.

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