Coda, Marco (2015) Experimental study on bioactive molecules in contrasting dental diseases: microbiological assay, oral delivering and enamel remineralization. [Tesi di dottorato]

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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Title: Experimental study on bioactive molecules in contrasting dental diseases: microbiological assay, oral delivering and enamel remineralization
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Coda, Marcomarcocoda@fastwebnet.it
Date: 30 March 2015
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Neuroscienze e Scienze Riproduttive ed Odontostomatologiche
Scuola di dottorato: Medicina clinica e sperimentale
Dottorato: Scienze odontostomatologiche
Ciclo di dottorato: 27
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
Rengo, Sandrosandro.rengo@unina.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
Ingenito, AnielloUNSPECIFIED
Date: 30 March 2015
Uncontrolled Keywords: caries erosion prevention CPP polyphenols
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/28 - Malattie odontostomatologiche
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2015 20:28
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2015 09:38
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/10300
DOI: 10.6092/UNINA/FEDOA/10300

Abstract

The objective of this research program was to determine a new way in caries and erosion prevention. To achieve this target was analyzed the more effective anti-caries and anti-erosive bio-active molecules of natural origin, in order to elaborate a new novel chewing gum device. The under discussion molecules were plant polyphenols and casein-phosphopeptides. The research project has been divided in three parts: initially, was analyzed in vitro, through SEM inspection and pH analysis, the remineralizing effect of casein-phosphopeptides against cola drink dental erosion. In the second part, a microbiological assay of effects of Plantago lanceolata tea on oral bacteria was assessed: initially, the P. lanceolata tea was chemical analyzed for its polyphenolic content; then, the MIC and MBC were determined for P. lanceolata extracts against cariogenic bacteria; subsequently, a controlled random clinical study was conducted on 44 volunteers to evaluate a P. lanceolata-based mouth rinse on cariogenic bacteria content in saliva. In the third part, in vitro experiments were performed using a specifically designed chewing apparatus to test the release in artificial saliva of Calcium (derived from CPP) and Quercetin included in gums, during the chewing time; while the in vivo experiments required a two sessions clinical trial, performed by 10 volunteers, in order to analyze the in vivo performance of the experimental chewing-gums.

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