Mastantuono, Teresa (2015) Oscillazioni del flusso microvascolare in pazienti obesi iperglicemici. [Tesi di dottorato]

[img]
Anteprima
Testo
mastantuono_teresa_27.pdf

Download (1MB) | Anteprima
[error in script] [error in script]
Tipologia del documento: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: Italiano
Titolo: Oscillazioni del flusso microvascolare in pazienti obesi iperglicemici
Autori:
AutoreEmail
Mastantuono, Teresateresa.mastantuono@libero.it
Data: 31 Marzo 2015
Numero di pagine: 129
Istituzione: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Dipartimento: Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia
Scuola di dottorato: Medicina preventiva, pubblica e sociale
Dottorato: Scienze dell'alimentazione e della nutrizione
Ciclo di dottorato: 27
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
Contaldo, Franco[non definito]
Tutor:
nomeemail
Colantuoni, Antonio[non definito]
Data: 31 Marzo 2015
Numero di pagine: 129
Parole chiave: Flusso microvascolare, laser Doppler, iperglicemia
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Aree tematiche (7° programma Quadro): SALUTE e TUTELA DEL CONSUMATORE > Biotecnologie, strumenti e tecnologie generiche per la salute umana
Depositato il: 08 Apr 2015 09:51
Ultima modifica: 13 Apr 2016 01:00
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/10489
DOI: 10.6092/UNINA/FEDOA/10489

Abstract

Aim: The present study was aimed to investigate skin microvascular blood flow oscillations by noninvasively LDPM and to evaluate the effects of insulin resistance and hyperglycemia on skin perfusion in obese subjects. Furthermore, we assessed the effects of hypocaloric diet on skin microvascular blood flow in newly diagnosed hyperglicemic obese patients. Methods: Fifty-four normoglycemic (27 females) and fifty-four hyperglycemic (27 females) obese adults were recruited from our Outpatient Clinic and treated with hypocaloric diet for 6 months. Skin microvascular blood flow was recorded by laser Doppler flowmeter and blood flow oscillations were analyzed by wavelet transform. Moreover, reactive hyperemia, due to 2 min brachial artery occlusion, was investigated in fourteen normoglycemic (7 females) and sixteen hyperglycemic (8 females) obese adults. Results: Skin microvascular blood flow (9.4 ± 0.3 vs 11.8 ± 0.4 PU, p<0.01) and total power spectral density (PSD: 113.2 ± 10.1 vs 176.5 ± 11.4 PU2/Hz, p<0.01) were lower in the hyperglycemic than normoglycemic people. Among the frequency components of blood flow oscillations, myogenic activity spectral density was lower in hyperglycemic than normoglycemic patients (31.0 ± 0.7 vs 34.9 ± 0.7 %, p<0.01). Moreover, hyperglycemic subjects showed lower hyperemic response to artery occlusion compared to the corresponding one observed in normoglycemic patients. After 6 month hypocaloric diet, blood flow and spectral denisty significantly increased in hyperglycemic subjects. Myogenic activity-related oscillatory component spectral density was enhanced, while post-occlusive reactive hyperemia significantly improved. Conclusions: In conclusion, insulin resistance- and hyperglycemia-associated microvascular alterations severely affect peripheral resistance and tissue perfusion. Hypocaloric diet appeared to ameliorate arteriolar dilation and blood flow redistribution to tissue.

Actions (login required)

Modifica documento Modifica documento