Penon, Danila (2016) Biological effects of two tomatoes lipophilic extracts on breast cancer cell lines and molecular pathway involved. [Tesi di dottorato]

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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Title: Biological effects of two tomatoes lipophilic extracts on breast cancer cell lines and molecular pathway involved
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Penon, Daniladanila.penon@unina.it
Date: 22 September 2016
Number of Pages: 40
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Medicina Molecolare e Biotecnologie Mediche
Scuola di dottorato: Scienze Biologiche
Dottorato: Biochimica e biologia cellulare e molecolare
Ciclo di dottorato: 28
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato (extra):
nomeemail
Arcari, Paoloarcari@unina.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
GIORDANO, ANTONIOUNSPECIFIED
Date: 22 September 2016
Number of Pages: 40
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mediterranean diet; tomatoes; breast cancer
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/10 - Biochimica
Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/11 - Biologia molecolare
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2016 08:22
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2016 08:22
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/11144
DOI: 10.6092/UNINA/FEDOA/11144

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most frequent type of cancer in women. Recent data suggest that lifestyle factors including dietary factors play a significant role in breast cancerdevelopment and survival.Current knowledge suggests that a healthy/Mediterranean-like diet characterized by high intake of fruit, vegetables, fiber, fish and unsaturated oils, particularly n-3 fatty acids, has a protective effect on breast cancer, whereas a typical Western diet characterized by high intake of total/saturated fat, refined carbohydrates, processed and red meat and low fiber intake is associated with poorer outcome. Tomatoes are of specific interest because they are key elements of the Mediterranean diet. Moreover, they are relatively cheap and easy to store, and also because they are the main source of phytochemicals with strong antioxidant properties. Whole tomato as a food with potential anticancer properties has not been extensively evaluated so far, because greater attention has been given to single antioxidant compounds, such as lycopene, β-carotene, etc. Here we presented our results on a possible antineoplastic role of tomatoes without significantly affecting non-tumor cells(primary human skin fibroblasts). We used total lipophilc tomato extracts of two Southern Italy cultivars, San Marzano and Corbarino, which better mimics tomato intake by diet, without isolating antioxidants, or vitamins, as often reported in the literature. We chose in vitro models of breast cancer, because much of lycopene accumulates in breast, an organ consists mainly of adipose tissue.

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