Raimondo, Maria (2017) Bio-economy strategies: implementation and governance in developed and developing Countries. [Tesi di dottorato]

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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Title: Bio-economy strategies: implementation and governance in developed and developing Countries
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Raimondo, Mariamaria.raimondo@unina.it
Date: 10 April 2017
Number of Pages: 83
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Agraria
Dottorato: Scienze agrarie e agroalimentari
Ciclo di dottorato: 29
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
D'URSO, GUIDOdurso@unina.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
CARACCIOLO, FRANCESCOUNSPECIFIED
Date: 10 April 2017
Number of Pages: 83
Uncontrolled Keywords: By-economy; by-product; biodiversity
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/01 - Economia ed estimo rurale
Date Deposited: 06 May 2017 14:56
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2018 09:40
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/11824
DOI: 10.6093/UNINA/FEDOA/11824

Abstract

Bio-economy strategies are considered effective tools to provide the use of renewable natural resources in order to reduce the emissions green house gas (GHG), and simultaneously to improve biodiversity, environment resilience and food security. However, several barriers affect the implementation of the bio-economy strategies. The present PhD thesis has investigated the employment of these strategies both in developed and in developing Countries. Three different case studies were analysed, whereof two based on the use of agricultural by-products (Sicily, Italy) while, the last one has regarded an agricultural strategy cultivation in Uganda (Africa). As for the agricultural by-products valorisation, citrus and olive transformation by-products (the so-called “pastazzo” and the olive cake, respectively) have been considered. Contract attributes more preferred by interviewed entrepreneurs have been explored with the aim to point out determinants and barriers of one of the most important cooperation mechanism (i.e. the contract) of supply chains. In the third case study, the one about the crop mixtures cultivation, determinants and barriers for the mixtures’ adoption were explored. Furthermore, the yield increment both for bean and banana crops was quantified. In the present thesis it is emphasized that it is possible to implement bio-economy strategies both in developed and developing Countries. Indeed, in developed countries the advanced innovation technologies allow to transform agricultural wastes or by-products in products with added value, therefore eliminating the competition for the land use. Nevertheless, in developing Countries, where the innovation is not so widespread, the adoption of bio-economy strategies is also possible. In the case of by-products valorisation, determinants and obstacles of the effective strategies’ adoption were highlighted. Moreover, stakeholders’ preferences about specific contract attributes (both for pastazzo and olive cake supply chains) were determined. As for the bean and banana mixtures’ adoption, the case study has shown that some aspects of both the farmers and farms could either decrease or increase the propensity to adopt mixtures cultivation. Finally, the increment of yield results different depending whether one is dealing with the bean or the banana cultivation.

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