Zanobio, Mariateresa (2018) 14-3-3θ, AF4 and MLL-AF4 are targets of MiR-27a in t(4;11) acute lymphoblastic leukemia: implication for new targeted therapy options. [Tesi di dottorato]

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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Title: 14-3-3θ, AF4 and MLL-AF4 are targets of MiR-27a in t(4;11) acute lymphoblastic leukemia: implication for new targeted therapy options
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Zanobio, Mariateresamt.zanobio@gmail.com
Date: 11 December 2018
Number of Pages: 66
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Medicina Molecolare e Biotecnologie Mediche
Dottorato: Medicina molecolare e biotecnologie mediche
Ciclo di dottorato: 31
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
Avvedimento, Vittorio Enricovittorioenrico.avvedimento@unina.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
Esposito, GabriellaUNSPECIFIED
Date: 11 December 2018
Number of Pages: 66
Uncontrolled Keywords: Leukemia, MLL-AF4, MiR-27a
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/12 - Biochimica clinica e biologia molecolare clinica
Additional Information: Cell. 3894720935
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2019 13:29
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2020 09:36
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/12676

Abstract

The t(4;11)(q21;q23) chromosomal translocation results in the KMT2A/AFF1 fusion gene, which encodes the mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL)-AF4 oncogenic chimera, a hallmark of an aggressive form of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). In t(4;11) ALL, MLL-AF4 recruits the endogenous co-activator AF4 and aberrantly triggers transcription of MLL target genes, including HOXA9 and MEIS1, thereby driving transformation of hematopoietic progenitors. We previously demonstrated that the scaffold protein 14-3-3θ is a direct interactor of AF4 and promotes AF4 binding to the HOXA9 promoter. Notably, 14-3-3θ is a target of MiR-27a, which acts as tumor suppressor in various human leukemias; moreover, expression levels of MiR-27a correlate with relapse free survival in childhood ALL. This PhD thesis aims to assess the potential role of MiR-27a in t(4;11) ALL pathogenesis. In different leukemia cell lines, we found an inverse correlation between levels of MiR-27a and 14-3-3θ, which was particularly relevant in t(4;11) cell lines. In t(4;11) leukemia cells, transient transfection of MiR-27a led to a decrease in 14-3-3θ protein amount and HOXA9, HOXA7 and MEIS1 transcription. Interestingly, our bioinformatic analysis predicted that AFF1-3’UTR, which is shared with KMT2A/AFF1, contains a putative MiR-27a seed sequence. Consistently, MiR-27a overexpression strongly reduced AF4 and MLL-AF4 protein levels, as well as protein level of RUNX1, a known target of MiR-27a with a key role in t(4;11) leukemia context. We therefore cloned AFF1-3’-UTR in an opportune plasmid vector and performed a luciferase reporter assay. The decreased luciferase activity we measured after co-transfection of MiR-27a and the recombinant plasmid proved that AFF1-3’UTR is a direct target of MiR-27a. Accordingly, transfection of anti-MiR-27a enhanced the expression of AF4 protein, in RS4;11 cells. Moreover, ChIP experiments gave direct proof that MiR-27a overexpression impaired MLL-AF4 binding to HOXA9 promoter. Consistently, MiR-27a overexpression decreased viability, proliferation and clonogenicity of t(4;11) cells, whereas enhanced their apoptotic rate. Lastly, we found that relative expression of MiR-27a was significantly lower in 9 patients affected by severe t(4;11) ALL compared with 9 patients affected by t(12;21) leukemia, which has a benign prognosis. Similarly to the t(4;11) cell lines, in our ALL patients we found an inverse relationship between MiR-27a and 14-3-3θ transcript levels. Overall, we demonstrate that MiR-27a has a pivotal role in t(4;11) ALL molecular pathogenesis and therefore it is a promising novel target for the therapy of this aggressive form of leukemia.

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