Pastore, Sebastian Rosario (2019) Experimental and numerical approach to investigate tire and ABS combined influence on wet braking performance of passenger cars. [Tesi di dottorato]


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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Title: Experimental and numerical approach to investigate tire and ABS combined influence on wet braking performance of passenger cars.
Pastore, Sebastian
Date: 12 June 2019
Number of Pages: 159
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Ingegneria Industriale
Dottorato: Ingegneria industriale
Ciclo di dottorato: 31
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
Russo, RiccardoUNSPECIFIED
Timpone, FrancescoUNSPECIFIED
Date: 12 June 2019
Number of Pages: 159
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vehicle dynamics, Vehicle control systems, Emergency braking, Forces and moments, Tire modelling, Relaxation length, Vehicle braking simulation, Tire characterisation, Viscoelastic characterisation, Vehicle testing.
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-IND/12 - Misure meccaniche e termiche
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2019 10:52
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2020 09:49


This PhD activity is mainly focused on the study of the emergency braking test, where the tire behaviour can be influenced by the ABS system during such manoeuvre on wet roads. The main goal is to investigate and optimize the optimal shape of the longitudinal force characteristics of the tire in order to reduce the braking distance. The only evaluation of the μ-peak could not be sufficient for reliable assessments but the whole shape of the longitudinal curve should be considered. Nowadays, the Wet Grip Index (WGI) is the parameter with which it is possible to classify the quality of a tire in wet conditions in the EU tire label and it is mainly based on maximum grip that a tire can perform interacting with the wet road. Understanding the optimal shape of the curve could also mean to understand if the WGI approach can give a complete evaluation of tire performance during the braking, or there could be something more to take into account. A numerical approach was considered and a ABS logic has been modelled with the aim to replicate the fundamental strategies of a passenger car. A half vehicle model has been considered for this research work. A more physical approach on ABS modelling is proposed in this thesis, with the aim to estimate the optimal working range of the logic without any pre-set information. Regarding the implemented tire model, the focuses were on trying to find a method to characterize the tire in wet conditions and understand how the longitudinal relaxation length can influence the ABS work in simulation environment. A method is proposed to get a possible estimation of the longitudinal relaxation length of the tire from vehicle measurements. Moreover, a study about the relaxation length evaluation with respect to the excitation frequency coming from the longitudinal slippage will be described in this thesis. The emergency braking model was used to optimize the reference curve in order to reduce the braking distance. The analysis is focused on three parameters that can identify the longitudinal characteristics of the tire: the braking stiffness, μ-peak and drop down of the grip after the peak condition. The main outcome of the simulation results shows that the μ-peak could not be considered as the only critical parameter to evaluate the braking performance of the tire and that the drop-down of the grip seems to play a very important role to reduce braking distances.

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