Pugliese, Novella (2020) Impact on survival of early detection of recurrence in the follow-up of high-risk hodgkin lymphoma in the first complete remission. [Tesi di dottorato]

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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Resource language: English
Title: Impact on survival of early detection of recurrence in the follow-up of high-risk hodgkin lymphoma in the first complete remission
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Pugliese, Novellanovella.pugliese@unina.it
Date: 13 March 2020
Number of Pages: 47
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia
Dottorato: Terapie avanzate biomediche e chirurgiche
Ciclo di dottorato: 32
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
Di Minno, Giovannigiovanni.diminno@unina.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
Pane, FabrizioUNSPECIFIED
Date: 13 March 2020
Number of Pages: 47
Keywords: Hodgkin Lymphoma, Follow-up, Relapse
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/15 - Malattie del sangue
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2020 10:37
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2021 12:08
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/13162

Collection description

Despite the high complete response (CR) rate to first-line therapy, approximately one-third of patients with high risk Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) eventually relapses. In up to 30 to 50% of patients, relapses are initially evident only by imaging procedures, however a definitive consensus on the best surveillance procedure for high risk HL patients has not been reached yet. The purpose of this cohort study is to evaluate the long-term outcome after salvage treatment and ASCT, of high risk HL patients who relapse under imaging surveillance compared to the conventional clinical monitoring. We evaluated a total of 123 high risk HL patients in first relapse followed, after remission, either with a systematic imaging-based surveillance (Imaging cohort, n= 80) or with the standard clinical-based surveillance (Standard cohort, n = 43). Follow-up procedures within the imaging group involved either FDG/PET CT or ultrasound plus chest X-Ray. The 2-years EFS was significantly longer in the patients of the Imaging cohort with respect to the standard cohort (70% vs 37.2%, respectively - p=0.004) and the quality of responses was better in the former cohort (CR rate 68.8% vs 41.9% - p<0.004). Those differences were most likely due to the capability of imaging surveillance to identify early onset of clinically silent relapses whose EFS at 2 years is significantly better (78% vs 43%, respectively – p<0.0001). Our data indicate that the early detection of HL recurrence allows a timely administration of salvage therapy to patients with a more limited disease and, consequently, an EFS improvement.

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