Gaglione, Federica (2021) Elderly and urban services. A GIS support tool to measure pedestrian accessibility. [Tesi di dottorato]

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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Resource language: English
Title: Elderly and urban services. A GIS support tool to measure pedestrian accessibility
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Gaglione, Federicafederica.gaglione@unina.it
Date: 4 October 2021
Number of Pages: 128
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Ingegneria Civile, Edile e Ambientale
Dottorato: Ingegneria dei sistemi civili
Ciclo di dottorato: 33
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
Papola, Andreaandrea.papola@unina.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
Gargiulo, CarmelaUNSPECIFIED
Date: 4 October 2021
Number of Pages: 128
Keywords: Urban accessibility; GIS; Pedestrian networks
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 08 - Ingegneria civile e Architettura > ICAR/20 - Tecnica e pianificazione urbanistica
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2021 15:32
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2023 11:23
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/13545

Collection description

In all the countries of the industrialized West and in many developing countries, the population aging index is gradually increasing and it is expected that in 2050 one in five people in the world will be over 70 years old and that 64 countries will have a population older than 30% of the entire population. The relationship between the organization of the pedestrian network and the location and distribution of urban activities are important elements for improving accessibility to urban places and services of interest to the elderly. Many scholars are engaged in research aimed at improving the characteristics of the pedestrian network and the characteristics of the built environment that influence the "walkability" at the neighbourhood scale or improving the accessibility in reaching a specific urban service through the transport networks of transport. In this perspective, the purpose of the thesis work is the development of a decision support tool in a GIS environment to classify urban areas according to the levels of pedestrian accessibility for the elderly to urban services. Accessibility levels are defined through the measurement of accessibility built starting from the weight of each characteristic of the pedestrian network (identified through the analysis of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)), from the behaviour of the elderly especially in terms of speed and time distance for the different age groups of the elderly population. The application of the thesis work took place in two territorial contexts: Naples, Italy and Aberdeen, Scotland. The results obtained provide suggestions to local decision makers in the choice of interventions and their priorities to be implemented at the neighbourhood scale to improve the quality of life of the elderly and on the other provide a technical-operational contribution to measure pedestrian accessibility to urban services in other territorial contexts in the GIS environment.

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