Centofanti, Fabio (2021) Statistical Methodologies of Functional Data Analysis for Industrial Applications. [Tesi di dottorato]


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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Title: Statistical Methodologies of Functional Data Analysis for Industrial Applications
Centofanti, Fabiofabio.centofanti@unina.it
Date: July 2021
Number of Pages: 225
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Ingegneria Industriale
Dottorato: Ingegneria industriale
Ciclo di dottorato: 33
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
Grassi, Michelemichele.grassi@unina.it
Palumbo, BiagioUNSPECIFIED
Vantini, SimoneUNSPECIFIED
Date: July 2021
Number of Pages: 225
Uncontrolled Keywords: Statistics; Applied Statistics; Functional Data Analysis; Industrial Applications; Industrial Statistics
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 13 - Scienze economiche e statistiche > SECS-S/02 - Statistica per la ricerca sperimentale e tecnologica
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2021 13:41
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2023 10:39
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/13765


This thesis stands as one of the first attempt to connect the statistical object oriented data analysis (OODA) methodologies with the industry field. Indeed, the aim of this thesis is to develop statistical methods to tackle industrial problems through the paradigm of the OODA. The new framework of Industry 4.0 requires factories that are equipped with sensor and advanced acquisition systems that acquire data with a high degree of complexity. OODA can be particularly suitable to deal with this increasing complexity as it considers each statistical unit as an atom or a data object assumed to be a point in a well-defined mathematical space. This idea allows one to deal with complex data structure by changing the resolution of the analysis. Indeed, from standard methods where the atom is represented by vector of numbers, the focus now is on methodologies where the objects of the analysis are whole complex objects. In particular, this thesis focuses on functional data analysis (FDA), a branch of OODA that considers as the atom of the analysis functions defined on compact domains. The cross-fertilization of FDA methods to industrial applications is developed into three parts in this dissertation. The first part presents methodologies developed to solve specific applicative problems. In particular, a first consistent portion of this part is focused on \textit{profile monitoring} methods applied to ship CO\textsubscript{2} emissions. A second portion deals with the problem of predicting the mechanical properties of an additively manufactured artifact given the particle size distribution of the powder used for its production. And, a third portion copes with the cluster analysis for the quality assessment of metal sheet spot welds in the automotive industry based on observations of dynamic resistance curve. Stimulated by these challenges, the second part of this dissertation turns towards a more methodological line that addresses the notion of \textit{interpretability} for functional data. In particular, two new interpretable estimators of the coefficient function of the function-on-function linear regression model are proposed, which are named S-LASSO and AdaSS, respectively. Moreover, a new method, referred to as SaS-Funclust, is presented for sparse clustering of functional data that aims to classify a sample of curves into homogeneous groups while jointly detecting the most informative portions of domain. In the last part, two ongoing researches on FDA methods for industrial application are presented. In particular, the first one regards the definition of a new robust nonparametric functional ANOVA method (Ro-FANOVA) to test differences among group functional means by being robust against the presence of outliers with an application to additive manufacturing. The second one sketches a new methodological framework for the real-time profile monitoring.


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