Graziano, Raffaele (2021) Microscale investigation of complex liquids porous media. [Tesi di dottorato]


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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Resource language: English
Title: Microscale investigation of complex liquids porous media
Date: 12 February 2021
Number of Pages: 121
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Ingegneria Chimica, dei Materiali e della Produzione Industriale
Dottorato: Ingegneria dei prodotti e dei processi industriali
Ciclo di dottorato: 33
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
Tomaiuolo, GiovannaUNSPECIFIED
Preziosi, ValentinaUNSPECIFIED
Date: 12 February 2021
Number of Pages: 121
Keywords: yield stress , complex liquids, associative polymers
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-IND/24 - Principi di ingegneria chimica
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2021 09:30
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2023 10:30

Collection description

The interaction of Non-Newtonian fluid and porous media is a topic of great scientific interest and it finds application in a wide number of industrial fields: from the enhanced oil recovery to the drug delivery. In particular, a very interesting category of liquids are the so-called property called "yield stress fluids". These systems have the ability to behave as solids under this stress threshold and to flow as liquid above it. Numerous studies have been performed in this sense even if the mechanism on a microscale level still have not been completely elucidated. In this work, we identified some model systems such as polyacrylic acid (Carbopol)-water solutions and by the use of confocal microscopy we looked at the microstructure of the gel to understand the origin of the yield stress and how the confinement and the flow have an impact on this microstructure. It has been observed that the swollen particles of Carbopol build a 3D network whose connectivity causes the yield stress. Furthermore, the system can be described as two phases at equilibrium since the particle concentration does not influence the properties of the solvent phase. Changing the temperature, a phase diagram has been drafted finding analogies with typical polymeric systems, finding a miscibility gap. These learnings helped developing a novel experimental tool based on a torsion pendulum equipped with a magnetic dipole and a rotating cylinder immersed in the material, to measure yield stress in gels able to discriminate dynamic and static yield stress. At the end, an alternative system as detergent foams, has been studied focusing on the process of formation in sponges, in order to understand the effect of surfactant and sponge material on the foamability of the system. Our experimental data revealed that using a lower confinement in the foam formation allows the production of a drier foams (i.e. with lower liquid fraction, φL<0.3), more similar to the ones obtained in dish-washing applications. Our results are of potential interest for the optimization of foams in complex structures, such as in deformable porous media.


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