Cocozza, Sirio (2021) Advanced MRI techniques in the study of cerebellar cortex. [Tesi di dottorato]


Download (11MB) | Preview
[error in script] [error in script]
Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Title: Advanced MRI techniques in the study of cerebellar cortex
Date: 1 February 2021
Number of Pages: 141
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Scienze Biomediche Avanzate
Dottorato: Scienze biomorfologiche e chirurgiche
Ciclo di dottorato: 33
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
Brunetti, ArturoUNSPECIFIED
Date: 1 February 2021
Number of Pages: 141
Uncontrolled Keywords: MRI; Cerebellum
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/36 - Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2021 10:32
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2023 10:20


The cerebellum (from the Latin "little brain") is the dorsal portion of the metencephalon and is located in the posterior cranial fossa. Although representing only 10% of the total brain volume, it contains more than 50% of the total number of neurons of the central nervous system (CNS). Its organization resembles the one found in the telencephalon, with the presence of a superficial mantle of gray matter (GM) known as the cerebellar cortex, covering the cerebellar white matter (WM) in which three pairs of deep cerebellar GM nuclei are embedded. The number of studies dedicated to the study of the cerebellum and its function has significantly increased during the last years. Nevertheless, although many theories on the cerebellar function have been proposed, to date we still are not able to answer the question about the exact function of this structure. Indeed, the classical theories focused on the role of the cerebellum in fine-tuning for muscle control has been widely reconsidered during the last years, with new hypotheses that have been advanced. These include its role as sensory acquisition device, extending beyond a pure role in motor control and learning, as well as a pivotal role in cognition, with a recognized cerebellar participation in a variety of cognitive functions, ranging from mood control to language, memory, attention and spatial data management. A huge contribution to our understanding of how the cerebellum participates in all these different aspects of motor and non-motor behavior comes from the application of advanced imaging techniques. In particular, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can provide a non-invasive evaluation of anatomical integrity, as well as information about functional connections with other brain regions. This thesis is organized as follows: - In Chapter 1 is presented a general introduction to the cerebellar anatomy and functions, with particular reference to the anatomical organization of cerebellar cortex and its connections with the telencephalon - Chapter 2 will contain a general overview about some of the major advanced MRI methods that can be applied to investigate the anatomical integrity and functional status of the cerebellar cortex - In Chapter 3 will be presented a new method to evaluate the anatomy and integrity of cerebellar cortex using ultra-high field MRI scanners - Chapters 4, 5 and 6 will contain data obtained from the application of some of the previously described advanced imaging techniques to the study of cerebellar cortex in neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory disorders affecting the CNS.


Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item