Adamo, Maria (2008) Non Destructive Surface and Sub-surface Material Analysis using Scanning SQUID Magnetic Microscope. [Tesi di dottorato] (Inedito)

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Tipologia del documento: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Titolo: Non Destructive Surface and Sub-surface Material Analysis using Scanning SQUID Magnetic Microscope
Autori:
AutoreEmail
Adamo, Mariamaria.adamo@na.infn.it
Data: 29 Novembre 2008
Numero di pagine: 167
Istituzione: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Dipartimento: Scienze fisiche
Dottorato: Tecnologie innovative per materiali, sensori ed imaging
Ciclo di dottorato: 21
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
Abbate, Giancarloabbate.na.infn.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
Sarnelli, Ettore[non definito]
Cristano, Roberto[non definito]
Data: 29 Novembre 2008
Numero di pagine: 167
Parole chiave: SQUID, Non Destructive Evalaution, Scaning SQUID Microscope
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/07 - Fisica applicata (a beni culturali, ambientali, biologia e medicina)
Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/01 - Fisica sperimentale
Depositato il: 13 Nov 2009 14:59
Ultima modifica: 09 Dic 2014 10:22
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/3338
DOI: 10.6092/UNINA/FEDOA/3338

Abstract

Non Destructive Testing (NDT) based on magnetic technique for the investigation of surface and sub-surface material properties is carried out using a room-temperature sample Scanning Magnetic Microscope. The performances of such instrument are well suited in the field of non destructive evaluation, thanks to the good combination of the spatial resolution and the magnetic field sensitivity of its own superconducting magnetic sensor. The aim of this work is to show the capability and the advantages of the NDT technique based on Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) sensors. We start by describing our Scanning SQUID Microscope in terms of its performances, the different non destructive techniques we can apply to perform the measurements, and the efforts we have done to improve its capability to detect weak magnetic field variations. Two main applications are presented. On of this is based on the high magnetic field sensitivity of the SQUID sensor at low frequencies, and it consists to excite the sample with an alternating magnetic field (AC). This technique is applied to detect subsurface flaws in paramagnetic samples, for instance, in multilayer structures of aeronautical interest. The other field of application concerns the capability of the sensor to detect, with high spatial resolution, the direct magnetic field (DC) distribution on ferromagnetic samples, due to their residual magnetization. In this way, we can visualize magnetic domain structures of ferromagnetic particles. This capability is also exploited to evaluate the changing of magnetic field distribution in proximity of crack initialization on structural steels, subjected to fatigue cycles.

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