Airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar: Models, Focusing and Experiments
Perna, Stefano (2006) Airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar: Models, Focusing and Experiments. [Tesi di dottorato] (Inedito)
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Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is a remote sensing technique that allows the generation of microwave images of the Earth surface, independently of weather condition and of sun illumination. SAR sensors can be either mounted on spacecrafts (spaceborne systems) or placed on airplanes (airborne systems). In this thesis the study of problems related to the use of airborne SAR is addressed. The thesis is organized in five chapters and Chapter 1 presents the basic rationale of SAR technique. The assumption that the sensor flight path is a straight line is adopted in the first chapter, which is preliminary to the subsequent analysis, and allows introducing the formalism adopted in Chapters 2-5, where the assumption of straight flight path, not realistic for airborne systems, is relaxed, and the original results of this thesis are presented. Airborne SAR acquisition model is deeply analyzed, and realization of an efficient airborne raw data simulator, which represents a useful tool for mission planning, SAR system design and inversion algorithm testing, is presented (Chapter 2). The analysis of the airborne acquisition model allows also highlighting problems related to airborne SAR focusing. In particular, a quantitative analysis of the accuracy achievable by airborne SAR images is performed; extension to the repeat pass airborne interferometry is also included (Chapter 3). Such an analysis allows, on one side, quantifying the airborne repeat pass interferogram phase accuracy in terms of the expected motion measurement system accuracy (Chapter 3); on the other side, designing a new efficient airborne SAR processor (Chapter 4). Theoretical results presented in Chapter 3 are, finally, validated by an airborne differential interferometry experiment carried out by using real data (Chapter 5).
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