La dynamique des accords internationaux dans la prévention et le traitement de la violence envers les femmes.
[Tesi di dottorato]
Our research on the dynamic of international agreements in preventing and treating violence against women is a specific topic and important for the spirit of legislation, policy recommendations and projects especially in the Muslim Arab countries working on the new status of Muslim women. Violence is a tragic situation for all; Governments make it a matter of concern because of the emergency alarming number of victims. The French media reports for example that one woman dies every two days due to the assault and violence caused by a spouse, parent or in the street. In Morocco, domestic, marital and social violence takes more space and is part of everyday life to such an extent that it no longer shocks anyone, it seems that the couple has integrity where the man is the core family, all the merit and the priority back mainly to him. Patriarchal power, brother, husband draws its strength from some misinterpretations of Koranic texts, a speech that does not promote the spirit of sharing and equality that the texts of the Koran, guidelines and practices of the Prophet encouraged fully.
In this research, we will try to explore how we could prevent and treat violence against women, based on texts and experiences, which limit and fight against discrimination against women and against violence when they are victims.
We will find a legal study, put in a frame to social, cultural, political and psychological, for they think that violence is closely related to all disciplines that will meet the needs of people and improve living conditions.
Our research has been developed around practical work and field experiences.
Violence against women remains a family problematic first.
Around the world, women have their rights abused in the name of honor, love, jealousy, passion and tradition and religion, even within their families. Yet, none of these values allows the legitimate use of violence.
Discrimination and violence against women are closely linked. Today, Morocco, Turkey, Yemen, Afghanistan and others, the little girl may be betrothed at birth; she became less easy to schooling and higher education than boys. Once adult, women are less informed about their rights, they will have fewer chances to develop its capabilities in different sectors, including politics. Without a profession and without its own financial resources, it is difficult to end a violent relationship. Violence against women is no longer considered as a taboo, women respond; they have no more difficulties to file complaints against their abusers. But the complaint is not an end in itself if the laws do not provide any text to protect women against violence, whether physical or moral.
Non-Governmental Organizations call all leaders and the international community to support and to promote initiatives to ensure the prevention and the treatment of violence, to establish mechanisms of protection and that all women victims of violence receive compensation. The perpetrators of such violence must be sentenced to punishment applicable with their crime. The police and the judiciary should be trained to be able to act quickly and effectively against all forms of violence against women and grant them appropriate weight. Religious institutions are called on to give up any action that encourages or tolerates violence against women and to respect the rights thereof, and to introduce civic education programs in schools, highlighting the role of women within the family and society and promoting a change in attitudes. A cultural and economic revolution of women is necessary; independence allows freedom of choice and expression.
The lack of places where they can escape, take refuge, a place to be listened and get the help needed faced to the violence constitutes an obstacle for them to denounce their aggressors and fight against this violence lived for a long time.
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