Batenburg, Sietske J. (2013) Ciclostratigrafia e tuning astronomico delle alternanze calcareo-marnosi Maastrichtiane di Zumaia e Sopelana, Paesi Baschi, N-Spagna - Cyclostratigraphy and astronomical tuning of the Maastrichtian limestone-marl alternations of Zumaia and Sopelana, Basque country, N-Spain. [Tesi di dottorato]

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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Title: Ciclostratigrafia e tuning astronomico delle alternanze calcareo-marnosi Maastrichtiane di Zumaia e Sopelana, Paesi Baschi, N-Spagna - Cyclostratigraphy and astronomical tuning of the Maastrichtian limestone-marl alternations of Zumaia and Sopelana, Basque country, N-Spain
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Batenburg, Sietske J.sbatenburg@gmail.com
Date: 28 March 2013
Number of Pages: 203
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Scienze della Terra
Scuola di dottorato: Scienze della Terra
Dottorato: Scienze e ingegneria del mare
Ciclo di dottorato: 25
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
Incoronato, Albertoincorona@unina.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
Sprovieri, Mariomario.sprovieri@iamc.cnr.it
Date: 28 March 2013
Number of Pages: 203
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cyclostratigraphy, Astronomical time scale, Orbital climate forcing, Late Cretaceous, Maastrichtian, Carbon isotope stratigraphy, Calcareous nannofossils, Planktonic foraminifera, Magnetostratigraphy
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 04 - Scienze della terra > GEO/02 - Geologia stratigrafica e sedimentologica
Area 04 - Scienze della terra > GEO/04 - Geografia fisica e geomorfologia
Area 04 - Scienze della terra > GEO/12 - Oceanografia e fisica dell'atmosfera
Aree tematiche (7° programma Quadro): AMBIENTE (INCLUSO CAMBIAMENTO CLIMATICO) > Cambiamenti climatici
Date Deposited: 13 May 2013 10:31
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2014 14:15
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/9183

Abstract

We present an astronomical time scale for the Maastrichtian based on an integrated stratigraphy of the Zumaia and Sopelana sections in northern Spain. The cyclic alternations of hemipelagic limestones and marls at Sopelana and Zumaia display the range of periodicities of eccentricity-modulated precession. The rhythmic bedding pattern is primarily caused by variations in siliciclastic supply and to a lesser extent to variations in biological productivity, both of which controlled by eccentricity-modulated precession through its influence on the hydrological cycle. Together, the Zumaia and Sopelana sections span almost the entire Maastrichtian, and encompass thirteen 405-kyr cycles, spanning a total duration of 5.3 Myr. Consecutive 405-kyr minima in the lithological and geophysical data records are tuned to successive 405-kyr minima in the new La2011 eccentricity solution. Assuming a K/Pg boundary age of 65.97 Ma, we present orbitally tuned ages of biostratigraphic and magnetostratigraphic events. The bases of Chrons C29r and C30n have been reliably established at Zumaia and their astronomically tuned ages are in good agreement with previous studies. Data from Sopelana provide a refinement of the age of the base of Chron C31r. Planktonic foraminifera and calcareous nannoplankton data from Zumaia, and new calcareous nannoplankton data from Sopelana allow for worldwide correlation of the cyclostratigraphy of the Basque country. Additionally, the orbitally tuned bulk carbonate carbon isotope curve displays a remarkable amplitude of variation. Strong oscillations in δ13C seem regularly paced by the 405-kyr periodicity of eccentricity modulated precession. Additionally, sharp negative shifts associated with falls in sea-level occur at regular intervals of ~1.2 Myr. We present a new global correlation of carbon isotope stratigraphies with an astronomically tuned age model based on the cyclostratigraphy of Zumaia and Sopelana and site 762C (Exmouth Plateau). The Late Campanian/Maastrichtian carbon isotope correlation scheme displays a series of trends and excursions that can be observed across the different depositional settings. We propose that the 405-kyr cycle of eccentricity, and potentially longer periodicities, paced the latest Cretaceous climate and carbon cycle.

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