De Felice, Antonia (2016) ROLE OF THE BACTERIAL CELL WALL GLYCO-CONJUGATES IN ELICITATION OR SUPPRESSION OF EUKARYOTIC INNATE IMMUNITY. [Tesi di dottorato]

[img]
Preview
Text
De Felice_Antonia_28.pdf

Download (5MB) | Preview
[error in script] [error in script]
Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Title: ROLE OF THE BACTERIAL CELL WALL GLYCO-CONJUGATES IN ELICITATION OR SUPPRESSION OF EUKARYOTIC INNATE IMMUNITY
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
De Felice, Antoniaantonia.defelice@unina.it
Date: 29 March 2016
Number of Pages: 115
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Scienze Chimiche
Scuola di dottorato: Scienze chimiche
Dottorato: Scienze chimiche
Ciclo di dottorato: 28
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
Paduano, luigilpaduano@unina.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
Silipo, AlbaUNSPECIFIED
Date: 29 March 2016
Number of Pages: 115
Uncontrolled Keywords: lipopolysaccharide; symbiosis; plant
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 03 - Scienze chimiche > CHIM/06 - Chimica organica
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2016 16:57
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2016 11:06
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/10784

Abstract

The innate immune response plays an important role in eliciting host defence against microbial infections by the early recognition between pathogens’ structures arranged on the bacterial surface, called MAMPs; and their specific receptors in the host cells. Within this frame, my PhD project is focused on studying the role of bacterial glycoconjugates in the activation of immune response in plant cells. Glyco-conjugates represent a very heterogeneous group of biomolecules which includes lipopolysaccharides (LPS), peptidoglycan (PGN), glycolipids and glycoproteins. In Gram-negative bacteria, the majority of membrane glycoconjugates is constituted by lipopolysaccharides (LPS), amphiphilic macromolecules consisting of three different portions: a lipophilic domain called Lipid A, a hetero-oligosaccharide denominated Core, a hydrophilic hetero-polysaccharide called O-polysaccharide chain or O-chain. They are pivotal in mediating many processes of host-bacteria interaction like adhesion, recognition, pathogenesis, symbiosis. In order to understand the molecular basis of bacterium–host interaction, it is important to elucidate the structure of LPS and to identify how bacterium modifies the LPS in response to different environments and stimuli. It has been already demonstrated that a correct structure of LPS is required to establish a disease (pathogens) or to produce a beneficial outcome (symbiont) in host-microbe interaction. In particular, part of my PhD thesis is focused on bacteria involved in legume symbiotic nitrogen fixation by Rhizobiaceae, widespread in nature and able to fix nitrogen and symbiotic with plant roots. Rhizobiaceae, considered as biofertilizers, in agricultural system would decrease the need of chemical fertilizers, which are not only cost effective but also may create environmental problems.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item