Marulli, Fiammetta (2016) A Knowledge Multidimensional Representation Model for Automatic Text Analysis and Generation: Applications for Cultural Heritage. [Tesi di dottorato]


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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Resource language: English
Title: A Knowledge Multidimensional Representation Model for Automatic Text Analysis and Generation: Applications for Cultural Heritage
Date: 29 February 2016
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Ingegneria Elettrica e delle Tecnologie dell'Informazione
Scuola di dottorato: Ingegneria dell'informazione
Dottorato: Ingegneria informatica ed automatica
Ciclo di dottorato: 28
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
Chianese, AngeloUNSPECIFIED
Date: 29 February 2016
Keywords: Knowledge Representation, Cultural Heritage, Text Generation
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-INF/05 - Sistemi di elaborazione delle informazioni
Date Deposited: 03 May 2016 13:02
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2016 11:16

Collection description

Knowledge is information that has been contextualized in a certain domain, where it can be used and applied. Natural Language provides a most direct way to transfer knowledge at different levels of conceptual density. The opportunity provided by the evolution of the technologies of Natural Language Processing is thus of making more fluid and universal the process of knowledge transfer. Indeed, unfolding domain knowledge is one way to bring to larger audiences contents that would be otherwise restricted to specialists. This has been done so far in a totally manual way through the skills of divulgators and popular science writers. Technology provides now a way to make this transfer both less expensive and more widespread. Extracting knowledge and then generating from it suitably communicable text in natural language are the two related subtasks that need be fulfilled in order to attain the general goal. To this aim, two fields from information technology have achieved the needed maturity and can therefore be effectively combined. In fact, on the one hand Information Extraction and Retrieval (IER) can extract knowledge from texts and map it into a neutral, abstract form, hence liberating it from the stylistic constraints into which it was originated. From there, Natural Language Generation can take charge, by regenerating automatically, or semi-automatically, the extracted knowledge into texts targeting new communities. This doctoral thesis provides a contribution to making substantial this combination through the definition and implementation of a novel multidimensional model for the representation of conceptual knowledge and of a workflow that can produce strongly customized textual descriptions. By exploiting techniques for the generation of paraphrases and by profiling target users, applications and domains, a target-driven approach is proposed to automatically generate multiple texts from the same information core. An extended case study is described to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model and approach in the Cultural Heritage application domain, so as to compare and position this contribution within the current state of the art and to outline future directions.


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