Mascolo, Celestina (2019) “Frauds and fish species authentication: study of the complete mitochondrial genome of some Sparidae species to provide specific barcode markers”. [Tesi di dottorato]


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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Resource language: English
Title: “Frauds and fish species authentication: study of the complete mitochondrial genome of some Sparidae species to provide specific barcode markers”
Date: 2019
Number of Pages: 222
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Medicina Veterinaria e Produzioni Animali
Dottorato: Scienze veterinarie
Ciclo di dottorato: 31
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
Cringoli, GiuseppeUNSPECIFIED
Date: 2019
Number of Pages: 222
Keywords: frauds, fish authentication, mitochondrial, mitogenome, sparidae, barcoding
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/20 - Zoocolture
Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/05 - Zoologia
Area 05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/11 - Biologia molecolare
Area 07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > VET/04 - Ispezione degli alimenti di origine animale
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2019 06:43
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2020 10:04

Collection description

The growing global diffusion of seafood for human consumption requires always more accurate sanitary and quality controls. Among the globally marketed fish, the species belonging to the family Sparidae are excellent food-fishes of high economic value. The Sparidae family comprises about 38 genera and 159 species, some of which are highly appreciated as seafood. In Italy, the fish species of commercial interest are defined by the law (DM n. 19105 del 22 Settembre 2017). Among them, 41species belong to the Sparidae family. The identification of these species is difficult even when external characters are preserved due to their morphological similarity. Species identification becomes even harder to achieve after industry processing, when distinctive external traits are removed. Nevertheless, despite their similarity, sparid species have different organoleptic quality that corresponds to variable prices in fish markets. Consequently, substitution of commercially important Sparidae species is common. The sparid specie with highest commercial value, Dentex, is often replaced with less expensive species or lower quality alternatives. All this premised, Sparidae species identification requires immediate resolutions. Research on fish mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA, mitogenome) has led to substantial advances in the fields of species authentication and population biology. The main species’ specific DNA sequences used as markers for fish species identification belong to the mitochondrial genes encoding ribosomal 16S and 12S subunits, cytochrome b (Cytb), and cytochrome c oxidase I (COI). However, current research shows that mitochondrial DNA markers perform well for certain species but may be less discriminating for others. Therefore, they cannot be used indiscriminately for the identification of all fish species. This situation has led to the formulation of the proposal to study and analyze the complete mtDNA sequence with the aim to identify mitochondrial markers or multiple marker approaches with higher and more specific discrimination capacity. At present, mtDNA genomes of Sparidae fishes are not conspicuously represented in the scientific literature, which makes difficult to understand if currently used genetic markers are the most effective for sparid species identification. This thesis project had the aim to study and analyze Sparids’ complete mtDNA sequence to identify mitochondrial markers or a multiple marker approach to achieve a higher and more specific discrimination capacity. We focused on the genera Dentex, Pagellus and Pagrus, listed in the Ministerial Decree.


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