Aniello, Paolo and Lupo, Cosmo and Napolitano, Mario and Paris, Matteo G.A.
Engineering multiphoton states for linear optics computation.
The European Physical Journal D.
||Engineering multiphoton states for linear optics computation
|Paris, Matteo G.A.||UNSPECIFIED|
||31 May 2006
|Journal or Publication Title:
||The European Physical Journal D
||31 May 2006
||quantum information, quantum computation, linear optics
||Area 02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/02 - Fisica teorica, modelli e metodi matematici
||21 Jun 2006
||30 Apr 2014 19:22
Transformations achievable by linear optical components
allow to generate the whole unitary group only when restricted to the one-photon subspace of a multimode Fock space. In this paper, we address the more general problem of encoding quantum information by multiphoton states, and elaborating it via ancillary extensions, linear optical passive devices and photodetection. Our scheme stems
in a natural way from the mathematical structures underlying the physics of linear optical passive devices. In particular, we analyze an economical procedure for mapping a fiducial 2-photon 2-mode state into an arbitrary 2-photon 2-mode state using ancillary resources and linear optical passive N-ports assisted by post-selection. We found that adding a single ancilla mode is enough to generate any
desired target state. The effect of imperfect photodetection in post-selection is considered and a simple trade-off between success probability and fidelity is derived.
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