CIVITATES SPOLIATAE. RECUPERO E RIUSO DELL’ANTICO IN CAMPANIA TRA L’ETÀ POST-CLASSICA E IL MEDIOEVO (IV-XV SEC.)
Palmentieri, Angela (2010) CIVITATES SPOLIATAE. RECUPERO E RIUSO DELL’ANTICO IN CAMPANIA TRA L’ETÀ POST-CLASSICA E IL MEDIOEVO (IV-XV SEC.). [Tesi di dottorato] (Inedito)
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This work examines how Roman marble were reused into religious and civil buildings beetween the IVth-Xth / XIth-XVth centuries in some centers of Campania. The aims of this research were threefold: I. to establish a corpus around the spolia of old centers of Campania. II. to consider the problem of continuity and the revival of the past in new buildings through the codification of new religious and politic aesthetic. III. to demonstrate the origin of spolia from ancient centers of Campania and not only from Lazio’ centers. The evidence of some unpublished materials (as sarcophagi and capitals), preserved mainly in local Museums, or reused in Medieval Churches and in the streets of cities, contribute to better delineate our knowledges about Campania spolia, before known from authoritative studies on the subject. The use of spolia in Campania is interesting to understand the survival of the ancient Roman society of Campania during the Longobard and Norman dominations. We can also describe the difference between the reuse of earlier building materials or decorative sculpture on new momuments in South and North Campania, looking at the spolia found in Capua (for example, coming from the marbles of the Amphitheatre or Theatre in Santa Maria Capua Vetere), Sessa Aurunca and Teano and Salerno-Amalfi’ coast. The origins of spolia are from imperial-roman Theatre and Amphitheatre very rich in marble to be reused, from imperial necropolis of republican centers of Campania, restored by Traiano and Adriano emperors, but also from important villae around Naples and Flegrean Bay. In the Medieval age, the coastal cities acquire the materials through maritime trade: from Paestum to Salerno-Amalfi to Naples-Pozzuoli-Ostia-Roma, but also through regional routes: Nuceria-Capua-Benevento, full of roman spolia.
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