Natale, Antonio (2011) Electromagnetic Models for the Retrieval of Surface Parameters through SAR Images. [Tesi di dottorato] (Inedito)

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Tipologia del documento: Tesi di dottorato
Lingua: English
Titolo: Electromagnetic Models for the Retrieval of Surface Parameters through SAR Images
Autori:
AutoreEmail
Natale, Antonioantonio.natale@unina.it
Data: 30 Novembre 2011
Numero di pagine: 132
Istituzione: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Dipartimento: Ingegneria biomedica, elettronica e delle comunicazioni
Scuola di dottorato: Ingegneria dell'informazione
Dottorato: Ingegneria elettronica e delle telecomunicazioni
Ciclo di dottorato: 24
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
nomeemail
Rinaldi, Niccolònirinald@unina.it
Tutor:
nomeemail
Iodice, Antonioiodice@unina.it
Data: 30 Novembre 2011
Numero di pagine: 132
Parole chiave: SAR, polarimetry, retrieval of surface parameters
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-INF/02 - Campi elettromagnetici
Depositato il: 07 Dic 2011 12:20
Ultima modifica: 30 Apr 2014 19:49
URI: http://www.fedoa.unina.it/id/eprint/8920
DOI: 10.6092/UNINA/FEDOA/8920

Abstract

Nowadays, several private or public institutions require the knowledge of many ground physical parameters, i.e. permittivity, ground roughness, soil moisture content, vegetation biomass-index, and so on. In particular, the soil moisture content is a key parameter in the hydrological cycle and, moreover, it represents a fundamental information in several applications as in predicting rivers floods, rainfalls and landslides. In this thesis, a Polarimetric Two-Scale Model (PTSM), able to describe the scattering from a bare soil surface and to account for de-polarization and cross-polarization effects observed in real radar data, is presented. In particular, the model assumes the surface to be composed by rough randomly-tilted facets, which give rise to a random drift of the local incidence angle and a random rotation of the local incidence plane. Unlike other existing approaches, the PTSM accounts for both these effects - which come straight from the surface model – and allows us to compute the Normalized Radar Cross Sections (NRCS) for the whole surface by averaging over the facets slopes the power density scattered from a single facet. The prediction on the diffuse field provided by the NRCS is then employed in a co-polar cross-polar ratio based retrieval algorithm, from which it is possible to get maps of parameters from measured polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data. Accordingly, the retrieval procedure is performed on real data acquired at the same time of “in situ measurements”, both to test its performances and to provide the PTSM validation. Moreover, an innovative interpretation of the Kirchhoff scattering integral is also provided: it regards the physical meaning of the Kirchhoff solution for the electromagnetic scattering from both classical and fractal surfaces.

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