Basco, Anna (2014) Combustion induced rapid phase transition of CO/H2/O2/N2/CO2 mixtures. [Tesi di dottorato]


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Item Type: Tesi di dottorato
Resource language: English
Title: Combustion induced rapid phase transition of CO/H2/O2/N2/CO2 mixtures
Date: 27 March 2014
Number of Pages: 80
Institution: Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Department: Ingegneria Chimica, dei Materiali e della Produzione Industriale
Scuola di dottorato: Ingegneria industriale
Dottorato: Ingegneria chimica
Ciclo di dottorato: 26
Coordinatore del Corso di dottorato:
Di Benedetto, AlmerindaUNSPECIFIED
Date: 27 March 2014
Number of Pages: 80
Keywords: explosion, hydrogen, c-rpt
Settori scientifico-disciplinari del MIUR: Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-IND/27 - Chimica industriale e tecnologica
Aree tematiche (7° programma Quadro): ENERGIA > Idrogeno e celle a combustibile
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2014 20:34
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2015 11:19

Collection description

The oxy-combustion of hydrogen and carbon monoxide mixtures at initial atmospheric condition of temperature and pressure has shown the presence of intense peak overpressures, higher than the adiabatic value and oscillating pressure signal. In this thesis the observed explosion mode have been addressed to the rapid phase transition of super-heated liquid water produced by the combustion reaction and condensed on the vessel walls. Such complex phenomenon has to be included in the general explosion classification and it is due to the synergic coupling between a physical explosion (Rapid Phase Transition) and a chemical explosion (Deflagration). This mode has been named combustion-induced Rapid Phase Transition (c-RPT). c-RPT does not occur for CO/O2/N2 mixture because of the absence of hydrogen (no H2O in the products). The limiting value of H2 in CO/O2/N2 mixtures, for the c-RPT occurrence, has been identified as 1% in the fuel (H2+CO) . A general criterion for c-RPT peaks based on characteristic times of evaporation and combustion has been developed. When applying the criterion of c-RPT phenomenon to literature data, it turns out that they are often the result of c-RPT rather to Deflagration to Detonation Transition or Heat Explosion


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